Contoh Soal Mengidentifikasi Gagasan Utama

Kumpulan Soal Lengkap Dengan Pembahasanya

Contoh Soal Mengidentifikasi Gagasan Utama
1. Read the text and answer the question.
Television, or TV, is one of the most important means of communication. It brings moving pictures and sounds from all parts of the world into millions of homes.

People with a television set can sit in their house and watch the president making a speech or visiting a foreign country. They can see a war being fought, and they can watch government leaders trying to bring about peace. Through television, viewers at home can see and learn about people, places, and things in faraway lands. Television even takes viewers out of this world as the astronauts explore outer space.

In addition, television brings its viewers a steady stream of programs that are designed to entertain. In fact, TV provides much more entertainment programs than any other kinds of information media do. The programs include action-packed dramas, light comedies, soap operas, sports events, cartoons, quizzes, variety shows and motion pictures.

More than 83 million homes in the United States - or 98% of all the country's homes - have at least one television set. On average, a television set is in use in each home for about 6 3/4 hours each day. As a result, television has an important influence on how people spend their time, as well as on what they see and learn. After they arrive from work, they usually watch TV. Then, the importance of television is proven.

What is the main idea of the 3rd paragraph?
A. Television is a new invention.
B. Television has many functions.
C. Television provides entertainment programs.
D. Millions of people watch television.
E. People spend a lot of time watching TV.

Kunci Jawaban: C
Soal di atas menguji kemampuan siswa dalam mengidentifikasi gagasan utama dari sebuah paragraf. Biasanya, gagasan utama dapat ditemukan di awal paragraf, yaitu pada kalimat pertama. Kalimat kalimat selanjutnya merupakan kalimat penjelas. Gagasan utama kadang-kadang dapat ditemukan pada akhir paragraf yang merupakan ringkasan dari hal yang dibicarakan dalam paragraf tersebut. Walaupun gagasan utama biasanya dinyatakan secara eksplisit, ada kalanya gagasan utama tidak dinyatakan secara jelas. Dalam hal ini, gagasan utama harus disimpulkan oleh pembaca. Soal di atas menanyakan gagasan utama pada paragraf 3. Mayoritas siswa (73%) dapat menjawab pertanyaan tersebut dengan benar. Jelas sekali bahwa gagasan utamanya dinyatakan pada kalimat pertama, yaitu ... television brings its viewers a steady stream of programs that are designed to entertain dan 2 (dua) kalimat berikutnya merupakan penjelas bagi kalimat tersebut. Kalimat pertama tersebut memiliki makna yang sama dengan kalimat Television provides entertainment programs. Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah C.